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Sun Tracking Solar Panel
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PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The project uses a solar panel coupled to a stepper motor to track the Sun so that maximum sun light is incident upon the panel at any given time of the day. This is better compared to light sensing method that may not be accurate always for example during cloudy days.

With the impending scarcity of nonrenewable resources, people are considering to use alternate sources of energy. From all other available resources sun energy is the most abundant and it’s comparatively easy to convert it to electrical energy.

Use of solar panel to convert sun’s energy to electrical is very popular, but due to transition of the Sun from east to west the fixed solar panel may be able to generate optimum energy. The proposed system solves the problem by an arrangement for the solar panel to track the Sun.

This tracking movement is achieved by coupling a stepper motor to the solar panel such that the panel maintains its face always perpendicular to the Sun to generate maximum energy. This is achieved by using a programmed microcontroller to deliver stepped pulses in periodical time intervals for the stepper motor to rotate the mounted panel as desired.

The microcontroller used in this project is from 8051 family. The stepper motor is driven by an interfacing IC as the controller is not capable of handling the power requirements of the stepper motor. The project is provided with a dummy solar panel which can be used for demonstration purpose only.

Further the project can be enhanced by using RTC (Real Time Clock) to follow the Sun. This helps in maintaining the required position of the panel even if the power is interrupted for some time.

PROJECT HIGHLIGHTS
Extensive audio-visuals available.
Branding-free material.
Call/mail for Tech Support from 10 am - 7 pm.
Pre-programmed Microcontroller.
All-inclusive solution kit.
Easy to use, Self-explanatory kit.
BLOCK DIAGRAM
Hardware Requirements
  • 8051 series Microcontroller
  • Dummy Solar Panel
  • Stepper Motor
  • Voltage Regulator
  • Diodes
  • Relay driver IC
  • Transformer
Software Requirements
  • Keil compiler
  • Languages: Embedded C or Assembly
Q & A
Q:  Which microcontroller is used in this project?
A:  A 40 pin 8051 microcontroller is used in this project.
Q:  What is sun tracking?
A:  Sun tracking is following the direction of incidence of sun light by placing the active face of Solar panel so as to track the maximum sunlight.
Q:  What is the solar panel used in this project?
A:  3V, 1.5W solar panel is used in this project.
Q:  What is the motor used to track the sun?
A:  A bipolar stepper motor is used to track the sun.
READ WHAT OTHERS HAVE SAID
Average Rating
 4.7/5
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Showing 4 of 20 reviews Show All
Abhishek das, Rangpo on 2nd December, 2014, 03:40 PM

In the YouTube I have saw a video on component explanation and I found Edgefx.The delivery of the project is less than a week so decided to buy from Edgefx. I liked the components and the Extra PCB provided with the Kit.The Kit got delivered on time with the right components.The Documents provided in the kit make us self-sufficient.

Priya Anav, Bhubaneswar on 3rd September, 2014, 11:26 AM

I decided to buy a kit from Edgefx because we got advice for the same from our seniors.Edgefx teaches us everything like assembling, soldering etc. It inspired us to make other new projects.

Vivek Purohit, Rajasthan on 2nd September, 2014, 07:39 PM

I found your website when looking for projects. I really liked the user-friendly quality of your website.I liked the working of the projects and all aspects of the project, especially DIY kit.Please provide soft copy of PCB design.

Seema, Allahabad on 14th July, 2014, 04:04 PM

I was searching in the net for the engineering projects and I got to know about Edgefx after watching the video in the YouTube and purchased the kit.The project i got at reasonable cost and the quality is good.

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