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PIC Microcontroller Engineering Projects Ideas

A PIC microcontroller was invented by Microchip Technology in the year 1993. The acronym of the PIC is “Peripheral Interface Controller”. At first, this microcontroller was designed to support the PDP computers to control their devices, and thus named as a peripheral interface device (PIC). PIC microcontrollers are very fast in executing a program compared to other kinds of microcontrollers. The architecture of this microcontroller is based on Harvard architecture.

These microcontrollers are very famous due to their peculiar specifications like they are easy to interface with other devices, reprogramming with flash memory is easy, their wide availability, and ease of programming and cost-effectiveness.

We know that a microcontroller is a kind of IC (integrated circuit) comprising a CPU, timers, counters, ROM, RAM, etc. Like this, the architecture of the PIC microcontroller includes EEPROM, CPU, Timers/Counters, SSP and PSP (Serial And Parallel Slave Ports) Capture/Compare/PWM module, ADC, Comparator, ROM and RAM and the protocols like UART, SPI and CAN for interfacing with other peripherals. Nowadays, these microcontrollers are widely used in industrial purposes due to high performing ability, low power consumption and ease of accessibility of its hardware and software tools such as simulators, compilers and debuggers.

What is a PIC microcontroller?

The world’s smallest microcontroller is PIC which can be inbuilt with a program to carry out a vast range of tasks. PIC microcontrollers are mainly used in numerous electronic devices like embedded systems, phones, alarm systems, computer control systems, etc.

There are different types of microcontrollers available in the market, but the best microcontrollers are found in the GENIE range. PIC microcontroller is inbuilt with a program and simulated by a circuit wizard software. Based on their internal architecture, there are four types of 8-bit PIC microcontrollers: Base Line microcontroller, Mid Range microcontroller, Enhanced Mid Range microcontroller and PIC18 microcontroller.

 The different memory variations of a PIC microcontroller are EPROM, flash memory and mask ROM, which are indicated by different symbols.

• The example of an EPROM memory type is PIC16CXX and it is denoted by C.
• The example of a Mask ROM memory type is PIC16CRXX and it is denoted by CR.
• The example of a Flash memory type is PIC16FXX and it is denoted by F.

These microcontrollers are also accessible with extended voltage ranges that reduce the range of frequency. The operating voltage range of a PIC microcontroller is 2.0 to 6.0 volts. The letter ‘L’ is incorporated in the microcontrollers’ name to signify extended voltage range microcontrollers (For instance, PIC16LFxxx and the operating voltage range is 2.0-6.0 volts).

PIC microcontroller are mainly used in various fields like audio accessories, video games and peripherals,etc.

 Advantages of PIC Microcontroller

  • Faulty of this microcontroller is low and consistent.
  • The performance of this microcontroller is fast due to RISC architecture.
  • The power consumption of this microcontroller is less and programming is also very simple when compare to other microcontrollers.
  • Analog device interfacing is very easy without extra circuitry.

 Disadvantages of PIC Microcontroller

  • Program length is high due to 35 instructions in RISC architecture.
  • The Memory of the program is not accessible and single accumulator is present.

This category consists of PIC microcontroller projects with abstract, PPT and block diagram which can be downloaded by the students. Here is a list of our collection of PIC microcontroller based projects.


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