The robot is a machine or electro-mechanical device used for various purposes and the working and controlling of a robot can be done with the help of programming techniques. There are different types of robots are available based on their applications like industrial robots, space robots, military robots, walking robots, domestic robots, climbing robots, and so on. In this article, let us discuss a special type of robotic vehicle namely line following, walking and climbing robotic vehicle. The robotic vehicles like line following, walking and climbing robotic vehicles are special sort of robots designed without a human on board. These robots are operated and controlled by employing various sensor-based control systems. These robots are specially designed in some conditions like where human beings are not capable to go in such as fire accidents, very high or very low temperatures, etc.,
The electronic eye controlled security system is invented in the year 1997, base of operations in New Delhi. There are some organizations under the security systems are electronic eye Pvt. Ltd, Indian institute of science & technology, electronic eye systems, and Mahamahi Exims. This system creates a whole collection of high-tech security and surveillance products. These 0Systems work on the combination of system and project execution at the customers place for numerous surveillance products. This article discusses what is an electronic eye and electronic eye controlled security system project with a brief explanation.
For the satisfactory working of all devices, it is suggested to permit voltage at setting limits. Voltage variations in electric power supply definitely have adverse effects on different loads. These voltage fluctuations can be caused by several reasons such as voltage surges, overload, lightning, etc. Over voltages are the voltages that beat the normal values which cause insulation loss to electrical appliances leading to short circuits. Likewise, under-voltage causes overloading of the apparatus leading to lamp sparks and ineffective performance of the apparatus. Thus, this article is proposed to give over voltage and under voltage protection.To understand this concept and know it well, one request to go through this concept.
Solar Inverter Currently, the necessity of the solar inverter has been improving day by day. It is a common inverter, but uses energy from the sun that is termed as “solar energy”. This kind of inverter helps in changing the DC-AC uses solar power. In this circuit, the DC power flows in one direction and also assists in supplying current when there is no electricity.DC is used for minor appliances like electronic gadgets, MP3 players, iPod, etc (where there is power stored in the battery). In the case of alternative current (AC) is the power that stores back and forth inside the circuit. Usually, the AC power is used for home appliances. A solar inverter aids several devices that work on DC power to run on AC power so that the worker makes use of the AC power. If you are thinking this inverter is as an alternate to the normal electric one, then it is due to the solar inverter that makes use of the solar energy which is available in sufficient from the Sun and is spotless and also pollution free.
Nowadays, farmers in the agriculture field facing a lot of problems in pouring the water into their field to keep their crops green especially in summer season. It’s because they don’t have a proper idea about the power availability. Even it is available, they have to wait until the field is properly watered. Thus, this procedure checks them to stop doing other acts. But, there is a solution, namely “solar powered auto irrigation system”.In the trial of solar power based irrigation system, PV cells are used to produce electricity, that energy is stored in rechargeable batteries.The energy which is produced from the batteries is used for the system operation. A water pump is used to pump the water from a boor well to a water storage tank. This article discusses solar powered irrigation system using solar energy.
This article is a collection of electronics kits for beginners, which can be used as simple projects for engineering students. The following projects can also be used for your beginner, hobbyists.or mini project needs. But, we won’t recommend these projects for your final year project requirements. While choosing the projects, you have to take care with popular circuits which are easy to implement. The logic behind learning electronics for beginners or choosing beginner Btech projects is simple; We advise you go through all the following projects which are practically tested and that will save you a lot of time for troubleshooting. All of these projects fall into the category of beginner, small or hobby and that’s why we used simple electronics for beginners as a title. And you can experiment all these circuits at your own free will and creativity.
The term TFET stands for tunneling field effect transistor, that has been developed in the year 1992 by T. Baba, as one of the capable changes to the conventional MOSFET’s based on numerous performance factors includes Possible for above the 60mV/decade, sub threshold swing, ultra-low power & ultra-low voltage, the effects of short channel, leakage current reduction, speed requirement exceeding due to the effects of tunneling, capability to work on sub-threshold and super-threshold voltage, similarity in the assembly process as equated with a MOSFET. Taking into attention the above factors, the MOSFET could be changed by a potential substitute in terms of tunneling field effect transistor for the purpose of high-speed, energy efficient , and ultra-low power applications in the area of integrated circuits.
Thermal imaging device is a benefit to the armed forces like navy, army and air force because of its 24 hours working capability to perform well in all climate conditions. Thermal detectors capture the IR(Infrared) radiation produced by all objects above complete zero temperature. The temperature differences of the captured section are denoted as a hectogram. With the beginning of IR detector technology, the large cooled thermal detectors having moving parts and difficult cryogenic temperatures have changed into small, and less expensive uncooled microbolometers having no moving parts. Thermal imaging system due to its numerous advantages has various applications in the military and also defines.
It is widely used by the armed forces for border surveillance and law implementation. It is also used in ship accident avoidance and control systems. In the aviation industry, it seriously mitigates the dangers of flying in the night conditions. They are widely used in military flight to recognize, find and aim the enemy forces. Recently, they are also being merged in civil aviation for health checking of aircraft.
In this article, let us discuss the circuit for recharging the Lead Acid battery using the Solar panel. The concept of solar is not new for us. As day by day, non-renewable energy sources are reducing, and the usage of solar energy is improved. This energy is not only used on the Globe, but also used in space stations where no electrical power is accessible. Here is the simple circuit to charge a rechargeable Lead-acid battery (12V, 1.3Ah) from the solar panel. This solar charger has regulation of current, voltage and also has over-voltage cut off services. This circuit may also be used to charge the Lead-acid battery at constant voltage because o/p voltage is variable.
The transformer is a static device that changes electrical energy from one circuit to another circuit with the help of mutual induction (without any connection) between two windings namely primary winding and secondary winding. It changes power from one circuit to another circuit without altering its frequency, but may be on changing voltage level. This is the simple definition of transformer. This article discusses what is transformer, basic theory and why this only works with AC.